Alternative fuels are derived from resources other than petroleum. Some are produced domestically, reducing our dependence on imported oil, and some are derived from renewable sources. Often, they produce less pollution than gasoline or diesel.
Popular Alternative Fuels
Biodiesel is derived from vegetable oils and animal fats. It usually produces less air pollutants than petroleum-based diesel. Vehicle engines can be converted to burn biodiesel or it can be blended with petroleum diesel and used in unmodified engines. Biodiesel is an excellent choice for existing diesel vehicle and can boost the local economy.
Natural gas is a fossil fuel that generates less air pollutants and greenhouse gases. It burns cleanly and is widely available. Natural gas is an excellent choice for refuse, transit, delivery, and high mileage fleet applications.
Propane, also called liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), is a domestically abundant fossil fuel that generates less harmful air pollutants and greenhouse gases. Propane is already widely used as a fuel for cooking and heating making it widely available. Using propane results in no loss of performance making it an excellent choice for first responders, para-transit, police, and other vehicles.
Electric and Hybrid, Electricity can be used to power plug-in electric vehicles, which are increasingly available. Battery powered electric vehicles store power in batteries that are recharged using a standard electrical source. Hybrids use electricity to boost efficiency of gasoline.These are great options for family cars, commercial vans, buses, light trucks, and golf carts, particularly those used on college campuses for security and maintenance.
Ethanol is produced domestically from corn and other crops and produces less greenhouse gas emissions than conventional fuels. Ethanol can be blended with gasoline to increase octane levels and generate fewer emissions.
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